The basic rights

The basic rights of the German constitution (“Grundgesetz” or GG) are laid down mainly in the articles 1 to 19 GG. Additionally, some other rules of the Grundgesetz (especially articles 33, 38, 101, 103 and 104 GG) contain “grundrechtsgleiche Rechte”, i.e. rights that are similar to basic rights. The rights can be enforced via a constitutional complaint. Also other parts of the constitution that do not contain personal rights for citizens can give merit to constitutional complaints.

The following basic rights exist in German constitutional law:

  • Article 1: Human dignity
  • Article 1 & article 2: Personality rights
  • Article 1 & article 2: Computer basic right
  • Article 2: Life and physical integrity
  • Article 2: Personal freedom
  • Article 3: Equality before the law
  • Article 4: Freedom of faith
  • Article 4: Conscience objection
  • Article 5: Freedom of expression
  • Article 5: Freedom of arts and sciences
  • Article 6: Marriage and family
  • Article 7: School system
  • Article 8: Freedom of assembly and demonstration
  • Article 9: Freedom of association
  • Article 10: Privacy of correspondence and telecommunications
  • Article 11: Freedom of movement
  • Article 12: Occupational freedom
  • Article 13: Inviolability of the home
  • Article 14: Property and inheritance
  • Article 16: Citizenship
  • Article 16a: Right of asylum
  • Article 17: Right of petition
  • Article 19: Effective legal protection
  • Article 20: Right to resistance
  • Article 33: Rights of public servants
  • Article 38: Election rights
  • Article 101: Rights to courts chosen by law
  • Article 103: Right to be heard
  • Article 103: No punishment without a law
  • Article 103: No double punishment
  • Article 104: Guarantees with deprivation of liberty

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